photography tip

Floral Photography Tip – Depth of Field and Blurry Backgrounds (or Bokeh – which sounds way more fun!)

Posted by on Sep 5, 2013 in My Blog | 1 Comment

When I got my first Nikon way back in the 1990’s, I was obsessed with creating images with blurry backgrounds.  In fact, I think almost every photo I took back then had a blurry background — a look I still love.  I eventually realized that not every photo needed to be blurred.  But, I still gravitate to that dreamy, blurry look.

For anyone who is just starting out, I thought I’d do a quick run down on how to create ‘the bokeh effect’ in the digital world of today.  First, let’s explore Depth of Field (DOF).  In photography, Depth of Field refers to the amount of focus or blur, from near to far, that appears in a photograph.

 

LOW DEPTH OF FIELD

A photograph with a blurry background has low (or shallow) depth of field.

DSC_0115-copy-web

Example: Low (or Shallow) Depth of Field

If you have an SLR camera (one with removable lenses) you can achieve this by setting your aperture to a low number, a low f-stop.  While there are other factors, adjusting your f-stop is the main means of controlling your depth of field.  Setting it to a low f-stop opens up your aperture.  A larger aperture means more blur.

You can adjust the f-shop on some point and shoots, but not all of them.  Here’s a list of Top 10 Point-and-Shoot Cameras with Manual Controls.

 

HIGH DEPTH OF FIELD

Conversely, a photograph that is completely in focus has high depth of field.

LW_APRIL_2013_3_1567web

Example: High Depth of Field (foreground and background in focus)

Setting your lens to its highest aperture number, or f-stop, makes your aperture small.  (It’s counter-intuitive, but true.  Trust me.)

 

SO, THEN WHAT’S BOKEH

_DSC0387redweb

Example: The Bokeh Effect

You might see it written as Boke, but the most common English translation of the Japanese word is Bokeh.  It is the out-of focus background achieved using a lens at its widest aperture, which creates an out-of-focus blur in a photograph.  So Bokeh is just shallow depth of field, though sometimes it also refers to the shape light takes in a background.

Now that we have a handle on depth of field, let’s explore five main ways to create a blurred, dreamy background:

 

1)    Using the aperture settings on your camera, as described above.

Experiment with setting your aperture to a low number and fire away.  Take the same photograph, using different f-Stops and see what you like best.  Repeat with a different types of photographs (portraits, nature, cityscapes, flowers!) and develop your own style based on what makes your heart beast the fastest.

Note: You might hear someone say you need a fast lens to create a shallow depth of field.  What they mean by that is a lens whose aperture can get down to 2.4, 1.8, 1.4.  A “slower” lenses may only get down to an aperture of 3.5 or 5.6.  A fast lens = a more expensive lens.  You don’t necessarily need a super fast lens to achieve this look, but there may come a day where you’d like to explore this option.

 

2) Software like Lightroom, Photoshop, or OnOne

Some photographers prefer to create a standard image in their camera and then add effects using software.  This way, if you don’t like the blur, you have the option of removing it.  Stay tuned for some tutorials on this.

No Blur in Original Photograph

No Blur in Original Photograph

Blur Added with OnOne

Blur Added with OnOne

3)    Selective blur using selective focus lenses like a Lensbaby

There are a number of manufacturers that offer selective focus lenses, but I have to tell you – I love my Lensbaby!  It’s a lens that you can use with a number of different cameras like Nikon, Canon, Pentax, and others.  Just attach it to your camera and what you see through the lens is what you get – selective blur.  Lensbaby has a number of different lenses and accessories to choose from.  I love my Lensbaby so much that it’s going to get a post all its own in the near future.

DSC_0227-copy-copyweb

Example: Lensbaby Selective Focus

4)    Diana (or Diana-type) cameras or lenses

The Diana camera is a cult camera that  has been around since the 60’s.  Initially they were marketed as cheap plastic cameras whose image quality was poor, and when better cameras started making the rounds, Diana cameras fell out of favour.  That is, until photography students started using them because their cheap plastic construction permitted light leakage and other issues.  This made for some wonderfully artistic photography.  Now, you can get a wide variety of Diana cameras to exercize your creative muscle.

Technically, a Diana camera doesn’t really qualify as a camera that shoots Bokeh, but it’s a camera (or lens) that shoots in a dreamy out-of-focus way.  You can get an old-school film Diana camera from Lomography or you can simply buy a lens for your digital camera through good old AmazonThe nice thing about them is that they do not cost much at all.  It’s plastic.  It’s cheap.  It’s fun.

20130903_0291web

Example: Shot with a Diana lens (This one didn’t turn out so hot. I’ll post a new one soon.)

5)    Apps

And then there are Apps.  Why pay for an SLR camera or all that software if you can buy an app for less than $5 that will create lovely effects.  I can’t vouch for any of these yet, but here is a blog that provides 5 iPhone Apps For Creating a Bokeh Photo EffectAnd here’s one for Android.

 

That’s the break-down on blur.  Get out there (or stay inside) and create some dreamy, blurry photos!

 

See Tip #1 – Soft Light

 

 

 

 

Floral Photography – Soft Light is Key

Posted by on Jun 27, 2013 in My Blog | 2 Comments

It’s pretty obvious – you need light to create photographs, so explaining light should be easy.  But, try googling ‘photography lighting’ and you get a mixed bag of advice and technical jargon.  It becomes confusing really quickly.  So, for my first photography tip, I’m going to stay low-tech and provide some simple tips for using natural light.

Thinking about light in a new way.

I remember reading this when I first got into photography, and it has stayed with me.  When you’re taking a picture, what you’re really photographing is the light.  At the end of the day, that’s all it is.  It’s your job to figure out how to capture the light in a beautiful way as it bounces off and gets absorbed by your intended target.  If you’re ever stuck and not getting the shot you want, it’s helpful to solve your photography puzzle by going back to that basic premise.

Beware sunny days and hard light.

Sunny shots can create unwanted white highlights.

Sunny shots can create unwanted white highlights.

When it comes to photographing flowers, it’s tempting to think, “Wow.  It’s a beautiful sunny day … time to get out into my garden and take pictures!”  But that thinking can lead to frustration because bright sunlight is ‘hard’ light, and hard light, 1) creates harsh shadows and 2) it blows out the white on flowers, creating big white blobs that even photoshop can’t fix.

Low-tech techniques for creating a beautiful photograph with soft light.

Shady shots allow for capture of detail.

Shady shots allow for capture of detail.

  •  Don’t shoot in the middle of the day when the sun is at its peak.  The optimal time to shoot is either at the beginning or end of the day.   In fact, photographers often refer to the ‘Golden Hour’ – the hour after the sun rises and the hour before the sun sets – as the best time to photograph outdoors.  You don’t have to adhere strictly to the Golden Hour guidelines, but be aware that the beginning of the day and the end of the day have the most diffused (soft) lighting and will provide the best lighting for flower photography.
  • Wait for a cloudy day.  That seems pretty obvious, but things like clouds and fog act as diffusers, creating a soft pleasing light when photographing flowers.  Different types of clouds bring different types of light too.  It’s fun to experiment with what type you like.  The ‘before a storm’ yellowy glow?  Low black clouds?  High white clouds?
  • Another fairly obvious option is to find some shade, though that will limit what you can photograph and can sometimes produce dark results.  Use an umbrella to create your own shade.
  • Generally, turn off your flash and use the available light.  The flash is often too bright, and if you’re taking an up-close shot, the flash may not even be aimed at the flower you’re focusing on.  That said, you can eliminate shadows if you use your flash, so if you don’t like how a shot looks, try turning on your flash back on.  You never know!
  • Use a diffuser.  If you’re serious about getting soft light you can set up a Soft Box Tent Cube in your back yard or on your balcony and arrange the flowers inside the cube.  You can use the background colors that come with the cube or make your own.
  • If you’ve found the perfect flower, always try a few different angles and perspectives.  You won’t regret taking too many shots, but you will regret not taking enough.  Tip:  try photographing flowers from below!

Have fun!

At the end of the day it doesn’t really matter if you follow all or any of these guidelines.  What really matters is having fun spending time doing something you love.  And remember, if you photograph something you love, share it!

 

See Tip #2 – Depth of Field, Blurry Backgrounds, and Bokeh

 

 

%d bloggers like this: